Tree ring dating simulation kit

Here we measure the C excursions starting in the boreal summer of 774 and the boreal spring of 993 ensure the precise dating of 44 tree-ring records from five continents. We also identify a meridional decline of 11-year mean atmospheric radiocarbon concentrations across both hemispheres.

C = −0.1%), higher concentrations in 774 (0.4%), a further increase in 775 (0.95%), a relatively small increase in 776 (0.2%), and decreasing concentrations thereafter. With our box model, an additional 5.3 ± 0.5 (9.6 ± 0.5) 10 atoms, i.e. 1.8 ± 0.2 (3.2 ± 0.2) times the annual production, are needed to produce the 993 (774) anomaly (Supplementary Fig. Although our findings demonstrate accurate cross-dating of well-replicated tree-ring chronologies from around the world, they still cannot guarantee the annual precision of individual measurements from single trees (Methods). If of sufficient amplitude, abrupt changes in the Earth’s atmospheric radiocarbon (, the extra-terrestrial origin, spatial variation and time-transgressive evolution of cosmogenic tie-points are still unknown because a spatially extensive, well-replicated network of isotopic markers across continents and hemispheres has not hitherto been available. In an unprecedented voluntary collaboration of the international tree-ring community, the COSMIC initiative gathered wood samples from the majority of the world’s longest tree-ring records, spanning the decades 770–780 and 990–1000 CE. With the individual sites being distributed between 42° S and 72° N, and ranging from around 40 to 4000 m a.s.l., COSMIC represents most of the world’s extra-tropical forest biomes.

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Corroborated by historical eye-witness accounts of red auroras, our results suggest a global exposure to strong solar proton radiation.

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